African Swine Fever


Agüero, M., J. Fernandez, L. J. Romero, M. J. Zamora, C. Sanchez, S. Belak, M. Arias and J. M. Sanchez-Vizcaino, 2004. A highly sensitive and specific gel-based multiplex RT-PCR assay for the simultaneous and differential diagnosis of African swine fever and Classical swine fever in clinical samples. Vet. Res. 35, 551–563

Arias, M; Escribano, JM and Sánchez-Vizcaíno, JM. 1993. Persistence of African Swine Fever antibodies reactivity on ELISA and Immunoblotting assays. Veterinary Record 133:189-190.

Arias M, Sánchez-Vizcaíno JM, 1992. Manual de diagnóstico serológico de la Peste porcina africana. Monografias INIA, 83:5-44.

Arias, M. y Sánchez-Vizcaíno, J.M, 2002. African swine fever. In: Morilla, A., K. Jin and J. Zimmerman (eds), Trends in Emerging Viral Infections of Swine. 1st edn. pp. 119- 124. Iowa State University Press.

Arias, M. and Sánchez-Vizcaíno, J.M. 2002. African Swine Fever Eradication: The Spanish model. In: Morilla, A., K. Jin and J. Zimmerman (eds), Trends in Emerging Viral Infections of Swine. 1st edn. pp. 133-139. Iowa State University Press.

Blasco R, Agüero M, Almendral JM, and Viñuela E, 1989. Variable and constant region in African swine fever virus DNA. Virology 168:330-338.

Carrasco, L.; Chacón de Lara, F.; Martín de las Mulas, J.; Gómez-Villamandos, J.C.; Wilkinson, P.J.; Sierra, M.A. (1996) Apoptosis in Lymph nodes in acute African swine fever. J. Comp. Path. 115: 415-428.

D. J. Taylor, editor. (2006). Diseases of Swine. 9th Ed. Iowa State University Press.

European Food Safety Atuhority (EFSA). 2010. Scientific Opinion on African Swine Fever. Question number: EFSA-Q-2009-00506

Gallardo, C.; Blanco, E.; Rodríguez, MJ.; Carrascosa, A.; Sanchez-Vizcaino, JM. (2006). Antigenic properties and diagnostic potential of African swine fever virus protein pp62 expressed in insect cells. J. Clin Microb 44, (3) 1489-1495.

Gómez-Villamandos, J.C.; Bautista, M.J.; Carrasco, L.; Chacón de Lara, F.; Hervás, J.; Martín de las Mulas, J.; Wilkinson, P.J.; Sierra, M.A. (1998). Thrombocytopenia associated with apoptotic megakaryocytes in a viral haemorrhagic syndrome induced by a moderately virulent strain of African swine fever virus. J. Comp. Pathol. 118: 1-13.

Gómez-Villamandos, J.C.; Hervás, J.; Méndez, A.; Carrasco, L.; Martín de las Mulas, J.; Villeda, C.J.; Wilkinson, P.J.; Sierra, M.A. (1995). Experimental African swine fever: apoptosis of lymphocytes and virus replication in other cells. J. Gen. Virol., 76: 2399-2405.

Jubb KVF, Kennedy PC; PalmerN. Pathology of Domestic Animals. 4th ed. Academic Press.

Mebus C, House C, Ruiz F, Pineda JM, Tapiador J, Pire J, Bergada J, Yedlontshning R, Sahu S, Becerra V, Sánchez-Vizcaíno JM, 1993. Survival of Foot and mouth disease, African swine fever and Hog cholera virus in Spanish serrano cured hams and Iberian cured hams, shoulder and loin. Food Microbiology 10: 133-143.

World Organisation of Animal Health (OIE). African swine fever. Manual of Standards for diagnostic test and vaccines, 2000.

Rodriguez, JM; Salas, ML. And Santaren, JF. (2001). African Swine Fever virus-induced polypeptides in porcine alveolar macrophages and in vero cells: two-dimensional gel analysis. Proteomics,1 (11), 1447-56.

Sánchez-Cordon, P.J., Romero-Trevejo, J.L, Pedrera, M., Bautista, M.J., Gómez-Villamandos, J.C., Sánchez-Vizcaíno, J.M. (2008). Role of hepatic macrophages during the viral haemorrhagic fever induced by African Swine Fever Virus. Histoloty and Histopatology. 23:683-691.

Sánchez-Vizcaíno, J.M. (1986); African Swine Fever Diagnosis. Martinus Nijhoff Publishing. Boston. 63-71.

Sánchez-Vizcaíno, J.M (2002). Digital course of porcine infectious diseases. ISBN: 84-688-1585-3. (Most of the pictures of clinical signs and ASF pathology were taken from this course)

Sánchez-Vizcaíno, J.M.; (2006). African swine fever. In Diseases of Swine, 9th Edition, pp 93-102. Ed. A.D. Leman, B.E. Straw, W.L. Mengeling, S. Dallaire and D.J. Taylor. Iowa State University Press, Ames (Iowa, USA).

Yanez, RJ; Rodriguez, JM; Nogal, ML; Yuste, L; Enriquez, C; Rodriguez, JF. and Viñuela, E. (1995). Análisis of the complete nucleotide sequence of African swine fever virus. Virology 208, 249-278.

Zsak,L; Lu,Z; Burrage, TG; Neilan,GF; Kutish,D; Moore, DM. And Rock,DL. (2001). African Swine fever virus multigene family 360 and 530 genes are novel macrophage host range determinants. Journal of Virology, 75(7), 3066-3076.


José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno

Lina Mur Gil

Marisa Arias Neira